Presidential Doctrine Collection

In the United States, foreign policy is made by the president with input from Congress. Therefore, when studying US foreign policy, we often make reference to the policies established by specific presidential administrations.

In order to sped greater light on the history of US foreign policy towards Latin America and the Caribbean, El Hemisferio created the “Presidential Doctrine Collection”, hereafter “the Collection”. It was created to provide access to primary source documents related to US foreign policy towards Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Collection is broken down by presidency, region, and country. Each region and country section begins with a brief description and synopsis. This includes references to documents that are not included in the collection. All sources referenced can either be found in the Collection or through the United State National Archives.

The Collection

The Collection is not comprehensive. The documents provided here only reflect those documents digitally available. It does not include documents that have not been digitized or from other sources, such as FRUS.

Documents in the Collection come primarily from two sources: presidential libraries and official government websites. Most documents from the administration of George Washington (1789-97) through George H.W. Bush (1989-93) come from their presidential libraries or the National Archives’ website archives.gov.

Documents from the precedencies of Bill Clinton (1993-2001), George W. Bush (2001-09), Barack Obama (2009-17), and Donald Trump (2017-present) include documents from government websites, including whitehouse.gov and state.gov.

The Collection is curated and does not include all references to the country in question. For most cases, documents were excluded due to lack of substance, e.g. a brief reference during a press conference and speech.

George Washington (1789-1797)

John Adams (1797-1801)

Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)

James Madison (1809-1817)

James Monroe (1817-1825)

John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)

December 6, 1825: Message Regarding the Congress of American Nations (President Adams)

Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)

Martin Van Buren (1837-1841)

William Henry Harrison (1841)

John Tyler (1841-1845)

Mexico

December 18, 1844: Message Regarding US-Mexican Affairs (President Tyler)

James Polk (1845-1849)

Mexico

March 24, 1846: Message Regarding Increase in Military Force

May 11, 1846: War Message to Congress

May 13, 1846: Announcement of War with Mexico

August 8, 1846: Message Regarding Settlement with Mexico

February 22, 1848: Message Regarding Treaty Of Guadelupe Hidalgo

July 4, 1848: Announcement of Peace Treaty with Mexico

July 6, 1848: Message Regarding the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

January 2, 1849: Message Regarding War-time Measures

February 8, 1849: Message Regarding the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)

Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)

Mexico

February 10, 1854: Message to Senate on Treaty with Mexico

Central America

May 15, 1854: Message Regarding Transit Across Central America

James Buchanan (1857-1861)

Central America

February 18, 1859: Special Message Regarding Transit Across Central America

Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)

Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)

Ulysses Grant (1869-1877)

Caribbean

Cuba

June 13, 1870: Message Regarding Insurrection in Cuba

Dominican Republic

May 31, 1870: Message Regarding Dominican Republic Annexation

Rutherford Hayes (1877-1881)

James Garfield (1881)

Chester Arthur (1881-1885)

Latin America

April 18, 1882: Message Regarding Congress of American Countries

Central America

December 10, 1884: Message Regarding Central American Canal

Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)

Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)

Chile

January 28, 1892: Message Regarding US-Chilean Affairs

Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)

William McKinley (1897-1901)

Cuba

April 11, 1898: Message Regarding Cuban Civil War

Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)

Central America

Panama

November 16, 1903: Message Regarding the Panamanian Revolution

December 7, 1903: Message Regarding Treaty with Panama

January 8, 1906: Message Regarding Panama Canal

December 17, 1906: Message Regarding Conditions in Panama

William Taft (1909-1913)

Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)

Mexico

April 20, 1914: Message Regarding Tampico Incident

Warren Harding (1921-1923)

Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)

Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

Franklin Roosevelt (1933-1945)

Harry Truman (1945-1953)

Dwight Eisenhower (1953-1961)

John Kennedy (1961-1963)

Cuba

October 22, 1962: Address on the Buildup of Arms in Cuba

Lyndon Johnson (1963-1969)

Richard Nixon (1969-1974)

Gerald Ford (1974-1977)

Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)

Central America

Panama

The Panama Canal and the Torrijos-Carter Treaties

September 7, 1977: Statement on the Panama Canal Treaty Signing

Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)

December 16, 1988: Speech on Foreign Policy

Central America

Nicaragua

March 4, 1987: Address to the Nation on Iran-Contra

Caribbean

British Virgin Islands

April 21, 1981: Message to the Senate Transmitting the United States-British Virgin Islands Convention on Taxation and Fiscal Evasion

Cuba

September 22, 1981: Executive Order 12323 — Presidential Commission on Broadcasting to Cuba

January 21, 1982: Executive Order 12341 — Cuban and Haitian Entrants

Jamaica

January 28, 1981: Remarks At The White House With Prime Minister Edward Philip George Seaga of Jamaica

February 24, 1981: Statement by the Press Secretary on the Formation of the United States Business Committee on Jamaica

US territories

July 10, 1981: Statement on Signing a Bill To Approve a Constitution for the United States Virgin Islands

January 12, 1982: Statement Reaffirming Support Of Statehood For Puerto Rico

North America

Mexico

June 8-9, 1981: Remarks during a Visit from President Jose Lopez Portillo of Mexico

April 27, 1983: Address on Central America

South America

Argentina

Crisis in the South Atlantic: The Reagan Administration and the Anglo-Argentine War of 1982

George H.W. Bush (1989-1993)

Central America

Panama

December 20, 1989: Address to the Nation on Panama

Bill Clinton (1993-2001)

Mexico

December 8, 1993: Remarks on the Signing of NAFTA

George W. Bush (2001-2009)

Latin America

March 1, 2001: Annual Presidential Determinations for Major Drug Producing and Transit Countries

April 17, 2001: Remarks by the President to the Organization of American States

May 7, 2001: Remarks by the President to the Council of the Americas

April 20-22, 2001: President Bush and the Summit of the Americas

November 2, 2001: Letter to Members of Congress Related to Drug-Producing, Drug-Transit Countries

Caribbean

Cuba

February 27, 2001: Continuation of the National Emergency Relating to Cuba

May 18, 2001: Remarks by the President in Recognition of Cuba Independence Day

July 13, 2001: Statement on Cuba

January 16-17, 2002: Title III of Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act

Central America

January 16, 2002: CAFTA Fact Sheet

El Salvador

March 2, 2001: Relief and Reconstruction Assistance for El Salvador

March 24, 2002: Presidents Bush, Salvadoran President Flores Joint Press Availability

North America

Canada

February 5, 2001: Remarks by the President and Canadian Prime Minister Chretien in Photo Opportunity

Mexico

February 16, 2001: Joint Statement and Remarks with President Fox of Mexico

September 5-6, 2001: State Visit by Mexican President Fox

October 4, 2001: President Fox Reaffirms Commitment to US

November 30, 2001: President Pleased with Mexican Trucking Compromise

March 22, 2002: Presidents Bush, Fox in Mexico, Joint Statement

South America

Argentina

April 19, 2001: Remarks by President Bush and President de La Rua of Argentina in Photo Opportunity

December 21, 2001: Joint Statement on Argentine Riots

Chile

April 16, 2001: Remarks by the President in Photo Opportunity with President Lagos of Chile

Colombia

February 27, 2001: Remarks by President Bush and President Pastrana of Colombia

Peru

March 23, 2002: Presidents Bush and Toledo in Peru

Barack Obama (2009-2017)

Donald Trump (2017-present)

General

April 24, 2020: Briefing on Developments in the Western Hemisphere (Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Michael Kozak)

Competition with China

October 18, 2018: Remarks to Traveling Press

October 19, 2018: Interview With Greta Van Susteren of Voice of America

COVID-19

April 24, 2020: Briefing on Developments in the Western Hemisphere (Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs Michael Kozak)

July 8, 2020: Secretary Michael R. Pompeo at a Press Availability (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Migrant Caravan

October 18, 2018: Remarks to Traveling Press

October 19, 2018: Interview With Greta Van Susteren of Voice of America

October 21, 2018: Migrant Caravan

November 1, 2018: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Lars Larson of the Lars Larson Show

November 22, 2018: Protecting Our Southern Border and Working With Mexico to Address Caravans and the Safety of Those Transiting Mexico

Organization of American States

June 20, 2017: Remarks at the Plenary Session of the Organization of American States General Assembly

June 20, 2017: Remarks at the Plenary Session of the Organization of American States General Assembly

June 20, 2017: Remarks at a Solo Press Availability

United States Mexico Canada Agreement (USMCA)

July 29, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With David Rubenstein, President of the Economic Club of Washington, DC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

December 11, 2019: On the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

December 19, 2019: Milestone Marked by U.S. House of Representatives: Passage of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)

January 16, 2020: U.S. Senate Passage of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

January 29, 2020: President Trump Initiates a New Chapter in Trade Policy by Signing into Law the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 1, 2020: Entry into Force of the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Mexico

February 21, 2017: Background Briefing Previewing Secretary Tillerson and DHS Secretary Kelly’s Travel to Mexico

February 23, 2017: Statements to the Press

February 23, 2017: Joint Statement by Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly on Bilateral Discussions in Mexico City

May 18, 2017: Press Availability With Secretary of Homeland Security John Kelly, Mexican Secretary of Foreign Relations Luis Videgaray Caso, and Mexican Secretary of Government Miguel Angel Osorio Chong

December 14, 2017: Press Availability at the Second U.S.-Mexico Strategic Dialogue on Disrupting Transnational Criminal Organizations

February 2, 2018: Joint Press Availability With Mexican Foreign Secretary Luis Videgaray and Canadian Foreign Minister Chrystia Freeland

July 13, 2018: Joint Remarks With Mexican Foreign Secretary Luis Videgaray Caso

July 14, 2018: Interview With Danielle Dithurbide of Televisa

October 19, 2018: Statements to the Press

October 19, 2018: Remarks to Traveling Press

November 1, 2018: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Lars Larson of the Lars Larson Show

November 22, 2018: Protecting Our Southern Border and Working With Mexico to Address Caravans and the Safety of Those Transiting Mexico

December 18, 2018: The U.S. Strategy for Central America and Southern Mexico

December 18, 2018: United States-Mexico Declaration of Principles on Economic Development and Cooperation in Southern Mexico and Central America

December 20, 2018: Interview With Laura Ingraham of The Laura Ingraham Show

December 20, 2018: United States Action To Confront Illegal Immigration

January 3, 2019: Interview With Sean Hannity on Hannity (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

June 7, 2019: U.S.-Mexico Joint Declaration (Department of State Office of the Spokesperson)

June 10, 2019: Remarks to the Press (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

June 12, 2019: Interview With Mark Levin of The Mark Levin Show (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 17, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Pete Mundo of KCMO Radio (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 19, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Raymond Arroyo of EWTN-TV (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Adrian Whitsett of NBC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Steve Doocy, Ainsley Earhardt, and Brian Kilmeade of FOX and Friends (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Buck Sexton of iHeartMedia (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 29, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With David Rubenstein, President of the Economic Club of Washington, DC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)

February 28, 2020: Public Designation of the Former Governor of the Mexican State of Nayarit, Roberto Sandoval Castañeda, Due to Involvement in Significant Corruption (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

March 12, 2020: Sanctions Against Businesses Linked to Mexican Cartels (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 8, 2020: Secretary Michael R. Pompeo at a Press Availability (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Central America

June 16, 2017: United States Key Deliverables for the June 15-16, 2017 Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America

October 11, 2018: Remarks at the Conference on Prosperity and Security in Central America (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

December 18, 2018: The U.S. Strategy for Central America and Southern Mexico

December 18, 2018: United States-Mexico Declaration of Principles on Economic Development and Cooperation in Southern Mexico and Central America

December 20, 2018: Interview With Laura Ingraham of The Laura Ingraham Show

December 20, 2018: United States Action To Confront Illegal Immigration (Secretary Mike Pompeo)

January 3, 2019: Interview With Sean Hannity on Hannity (Secretary Mike Pompeo)

April 5, 2019: Interview With Steve Doocy, Brian Kilmeade, and Ainsley Earhardt of Fox & Friends (Secretary Mike Pompeo)

April 11, 2019: Remarks to the Press (Secretary Mike Pompeo)

October 16, 2019: United States Resumes Targeted U.S. Foreign Assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Costa Rica

El Salvador

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Adrian Whitsett of NBC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Steve Doocy, Ainsley Earhardt, and Brian Kilmeade of FOX and Friends (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Buck Sexton of iHeartMedia (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

April 13, 2020: United States Continues U.S. Foreign Assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Guatemala

August 27, 2017: President Morales’ Decision To Expel CICIG Commissioner Ivan Velásquez From Guatemala (State Department Spokesperson Heather Nauert)

February 14, 2019: On the Proposed Amendment to the National Reconciliation Legislation in Guatemala (State Department Deputy Spokesperson Robert Palladino)

March 25, 2019: Public Designation, Due to Involvement in Significant Corruption, of Former Guatemalan Official Blanca Aida Stalling Davila (State Department Office of the Spokesperson)

May 28, 2019: Signature of Memorandum of Cooperation With the Government of Guatemala (State Department Office of the Spokesperson)

December 3, 2019: Public Designation, Due to Involvement in Significant Corruption, of Former Guatemalan Minister Alejandro Sinibaldi (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

December 19, 2019: Sanctions Against Guatemalan Mayor and His Drug Trafficking Organization (State Department Spokesperson Morgan Ortagus)

January 31, 2020: Promoting Accountability for Human Rights Abusers in Guatemala (State Department Spokesperson Morgan Ortagus)

April 13, 2020: United States Continues U.S. Foreign Assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

June 8, 2020: Public Designation of Gustavo Adolfo Alejos Cambara of Guatemala Due to Involvement in Significant Corruption (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Honduras

April 13, 2020: United States Continues U.S. Foreign Assistance for El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Nicaragua

Panama

October 18, 2018: Remarks to Traveling Press

South America

Argentina

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Adrian Whitsett of NBC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Bolivia

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)

Brazil

July 8, 2020: Secretary Michael R. Pompeo at a Press Availability (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

Colombia

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)

Venezuela

April 11, 2019: Remarks to the Press (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Adrian Whitsett of NBC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Christopher Heath of WFTV 9 (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

July 29, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With David Rubenstein, President of the Economic Club of Washington, DC (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)

Caribbean

Cuba

July 22, 2019: Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo With Christopher Heath of WFTV 9 (Secretary of State Mike Pompeo)

January 8, 2020: Senior State Department Official On State Department 2019 Successes in the Western Hemisphere Region (Senior State Department Official)