United States Foreign Policy

In the United States, foreign policy is made by the president with input from Congress. Therefore, when studying US foreign policy, we often make reference to the policies established by specific presidential administrations.

In order to sped greater light on the history of US foreign policy towards Latin America and the Caribbean, El Hemisferio created the “Presidential Doctrine Collection”, hereafter “the Collection”. It was created to provide access to primary source documents related to US foreign policy towards Latin America and the Caribbean.

The Collection is broken down by presidency, region, and country. Each regional and country section begins with a brief description and synopsis. This includes references to documents that are not included in the collection. All sources referenced can either be found in the Collection or through the United State National Archives.

The Collection is not comprehensive. The documents provided here only reflect those documents digitally available. It does not include documents that have not been digitized or from other sources, such as FRUS.

The Collection is curated and does not include all references to the country in question. For most cases, documents were excluded due to lack of substance, e.g. a brief reference during a press conference and speech.

George Washington (1789-1797)

John Adams (1797-1801)

Thomas Jefferson (1801-1809)

James Madison (1809-1817)

James Monroe (1817-1825)

John Quincy Adams (1825-1829)

December 6, 1825: Message Regarding the Congress of American Nations

Andrew Jackson (1829-1837)

Martin Van Buren (1837-1841)

William Henry Harrison (1841)

John Tyler (1841-1845)

Mexico

December 18, 1844: Message Regarding US-Mexican Affairs

James Polk (1845-1849)

Mexico

March 24, 1846: Message Regarding Increase in Military Force

May 11, 1846: War Message to Congress

May 13, 1846: Announcement of War with Mexico

August 8, 1846: Message Regarding Settlement with Mexico

February 22, 1848: Message Regarding Treaty Of Guadelupe Hidalgo

July 4, 1848: Announcement of Peace Treaty with Mexico

July 6, 1848: Message Regarding the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

January 2, 1849: Message Regarding War-time Measures

February 8, 1849: Message Regarding the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)

Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)

Mexico

February 10, 1854: Message to Senate on Treaty with Mexico

Central America

May 15, 1854: Message Regarding Transit Across Central America

James Buchanan (1857-1861)

Central America

February 18, 1859: Special Message Regarding Transit Across Central America

Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)

Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)

Ulysses Grant (1869-1877)

Caribbean

Cuba

June 13, 1870: Message Regarding Insurrection in Cuba

Dominican Republic

May 31, 1870: Message Regarding Dominican Republic Annexation

Rutherford Hayes (1877-1881)

James Garfield (1881)

Chester Arthur (1881-1885)

Latin America

April 18, 1882: Message Regarding Congress of American Countries

Central America

December 10, 1884: Message Regarding Central American Canal

Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)

Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)

Chile

January 28, 1892: Message Regarding US-Chilean Affairs

Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)

William McKinley (1897-1901)

Cuba

April 11, 1898: Message Regarding Cuban Civil War

Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)

Central America

Panama

November 16, 1903: Message Regarding the Panamanian Revolution

December 7, 1903: Message Regarding Treaty with Panama

January 8, 1906: Message Regarding Panama Canal

December 17, 1906: Message Regarding Conditions in Panama

William Taft (1909-1913)

Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)

Mexico

April 20, 1914: Message Regarding Tampico Incident

Warren Harding (1921-1923)

Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929)

Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)

Franklin Roosevelt (1933-1945)

Harry Truman (1945-1953)

Dwight Eisenhower (1953-1961)

John Kennedy (1961-1963)

Cuba

October 22, 1962: Address on the Buildup of Arms in Cuba

Lyndon Johnson (1963-1969)

Richard Nixon (1969-1974)

Gerald Ford (1974-1977)

Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)

Central America

Panama

The Panama Canal and the Torrijos-Carter Treaties

September 7, 1977: Statement on the Panama Canal Treaty Signing

Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)

December 16, 1988: Speech on Foreign Policy

Central America

Nicaragua

March 4, 1987: Address to the Nation on Iran-Contra

Caribbean

British Virgin Islands

April 21, 1981: Message to the Senate Transmitting the United States-British Virgin Islands Convention on Taxation and Fiscal Evasion

Cuba

September 22, 1981: Executive Order 12323 — Presidential Commission on Broadcasting to Cuba

January 21, 1982: Executive Order 12341 — Cuban and Haitian Entrants

Jamaica

January 28, 1981: Remarks At The White House With Prime Minister Edward Philip George Seaga of Jamaica

February 24, 1981: Statement by the Press Secretary on the Formation of the United States Business Committee on Jamaica

US territories

July 10, 1981: Statement on Signing a Bill To Approve a Constitution for the United States Virgin Islands

January 12, 1982: Statement Reaffirming Support Of Statehood For Puerto Rico

North America

Mexico

June 8-9, 1981: Remarks during a Visit from President Jose Lopez Portillo of Mexico

April 27, 1983: Address on Central America

South America

Argentina

Crisis in the South Atlantic: The Reagan Administration and the Anglo-Argentine War of 1982

George H.W. Bush (1989-1993)

Central America

Panama

December 20, 1989: Address to the Nation on Panama

Bill Clinton (1993-2001)

Mexico

December 8, 1993: Remarks on the Signing of NAFTA

George W. Bush (2001-2009)

Latin America

March 1, 2001: Annual Presidential Determinations for Major Drug Producing and Transit Countries

April 17, 2001: Remarks by the President to the Organization of American States

May 7, 2001: Remarks by the President to the Council of the Americas

April 20-22, 2001: President Bush and the Summit of the Americas

November 2, 2001: Letter to Members of Congress Related to Drug-Producing, Drug-Transit Countries

Caribbean

Cuba

February 27, 2001: Continuation of the National Emergency Relating to Cuba

May 18, 2001: Remarks by the President in Recognition of Cuba Independence Day

July 13, 2001: Statement on Cuba

January 16-17, 2002: Title III of Cuban Liberty and Democratic Solidarity Act

Central America

January 16, 2002: CAFTA Fact Sheet

El Salvador

March 2, 2001: Relief and Reconstruction Assistance for El Salvador

March 24, 2002: Presidents Bush, Salvadoran President Flores Joint Press Availability

North America

Canada

February 5, 2001: Remarks by the President and Canadian Prime Minister Chretien in Photo Opportunity

Mexico

February 16, 2001: Joint Statement and Remarks with President Fox of Mexico

September 5-6, 2001: State Visit by Mexican President Fox

October 4, 2001: President Fox Reaffirms Commitment to US

November 30, 2001: President Pleased with Mexican Trucking Compromise

March 22, 2002: Presidents Bush, Fox in Mexico, Joint Statement

South America

Argentina

April 19, 2001: Remarks by President Bush and President de La Rua of Argentina in Photo Opportunity

December 21, 2001: Joint Statement on Argentine Riots

Chile

April 16, 2001: Remarks by the President in Photo Opportunity with President Lagos of Chile

Colombia

February 27, 2001: Remarks by President Bush and President Pastrana of Colombia

Peru

March 23, 2002: Presidents Bush and Toledo in Peru

Barack Obama (2009-2017)

Donald Trump (2017-present)

%d bloggers like this: