July 4, 1848: Announcement of Peace Treaty with Mexico

President James Polk delivered the following message to Congress on July 4, 1848. Polk announces that the treaty ending the Mexican-American War was ratified and that he “made public” the treaty to ensure that it would be followed by the government and citizens of the United States.

Whereas a treaty of peace, friendship, limits, and settlement between the United States of America and the Mexican Republic was concluded and signed at the city of Guadalupe Hidalgo on the 2d day of February, 1848, which treaty, as amended by the Senate of the United States, and being in the English and Spanish languages, is word for word as follows:

(Here follows the treaty.)

And whereas the said treaty, as amended, has been duly ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications of the same were exchanged at Queretaro on the 30th day of May last by Ambrose H. Sevier and Nathan Clifford, commissioners on the part of the Government of the United States, and by Senor Don Luis de la Rosa, minister of relations of the Mexican Republic, on the part of that Government:

Now, therefore, be it known that I, President of the United States of America, have caused the said treaty to be made public, to the end that the same and every clause and article thereof may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this 4th day of July, 1848, and of the Independence of the United States the seventy-third.


By the President:

JAMES BUCHANAN, Secretary of State.

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