Central Intelligence Agency, World Factbook, accessed February 17, 2019, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/attachments/maps/HO-map.gif

Quick Data

Population

9,182,766 (July 2018 est.)

Major Cities

Tegucigalpa (capital): 1.363 million (2018)

San Pedro Sula 851,000 (2018)

Demographics

Ethnicity

  • mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%
  • Amerindian 7%
  • black 2%
  • white 1%

Religion

  • Roman Catholic 46%
  • Protestant 41%
  • atheist 1%
  • other 2%
  • none 9% 

Economy

Gross Domestic Product

Background

Geography

Honduras is bordered to the west by El Salvador and Guatemala, to the south and east by Nicaragua, and to the north by the Caribbean Sea. It has access to the Pacific Ocean via the Gulf of Fonseca in the southeast. At 112,090 square kilometers, Honduras is slightly larger than Tennessee and slightly smaller than Benin. Its border with El Salvador spans 391 kilometers, Guatemala 224 kilometers, and Nicaragua 940 kilometers.

According to a 2011 estimate, arable land comprises 9.1% of Honduras, permanent crops 4%, permanent pasture 15.7%, forest 45.3%, and other 25.9%.

Like most Central American countries, Honduras is highly susceptible to damaging hurricanes and flooding near the Caribbean coast.