16,581,273 (July 2018 est.)
- mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish – in local Spanish called Ladino) and European 60.1%
- Maya 39.3% (K’iche 11.3%, Q’eqchi 7.6%, Kaqchikel 7.4%, Mam 5.5%, other 7.5%)
- non-Maya, non-mestizo 0.15% (Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya), Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak))
- other 0.5%
- Spanish (official) 68.9%
- Maya languages 30.9% (K’iche 8.7%, Q’eqchi 7%, Mam 4.6%, Kaqchikel 4.3%, other 6.3%)
- other 0.3% (includes Xinca and Garifuna)
Gross Domestic Product
Guatemala is the largest country in Central America at 108,889 square kilometers. It is slightly smaller than Pennsylvania and slightly larger than Iceland. According to a 2011 estimate, arable land comprises 14.2% of Guatemala, permanent crops 8.8%, permanent pasture 18.2%, forest 33.6%, and other 25.2%.
Guatemala shares a border with Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico. Its border with Belize spans 266 kilometers, El Salvador 199 kilometers, Honduras 244 kilometers, and Mexico 958 kilometers. It has access to the Caribbean Sea via the Gulf of Honduras and the Pacific Ocean.
Volcanic activity and hurricanes pose a hazard to Guatemala. There is significant volcanic activity along the Sierra Madre range. Pacaya has had frequent eruptions since 1965. Most recently in May 2010, an eruption led to evacuations and caused ash to fall on the capital city, Guatemala City.