El Salvador

Central Intelligence Agency, “World Factbook: El Salvador,” accessed February 17, 2019, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/attachments/maps/ES-map.gif

Quick Data

Population

6,187,271 (July 2018 estimate)

Central Intelligence Agency, “World Factbook: El Salvador,” accessed February 17, 2019, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/es.html

Major Cities

San Salvador (capital): 1.107 million

Demographics

Ethnicity (2007 estimate)

  • Mestizo: 86.3%
  • White 12.7%
  • Amerindian 0.2%
  • Black 0.1%
  • Other 0.6%

Religion (2014 estimate)

  • Roman Catholic 50%
  • Protestant 36%
  • Other 2%
  • None 12%

Economy

Gross Domestic Product

Trade

Top five destinations of exported goods from El Salvador in 2017 based on UN COMTRADE data.
Top five destinations of exported goods from El Salvador in 2017 based on UN COMTRADE data.
Top five sources of imported goods to El Salvador in 2017 based on UN COMTRADE data.
Top five sources of imported goods to El Salvador in 2017 based on UN COMTRADE data.

Background

Geography

El Salvador is bordered by Guatemala to the west, Honduras to the north and east, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. On its eastern border is the Gulf of Fonseca, across which lies Nicaragua. Its land border with Guatemala spans 199 kilometers and 391 kilometers with Honduras. El Salvador has 307 kilometers of coastline.

El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America but has the highest population density. At 21,041 square kilometers, it is roughly the same size as Israel or the US state of New Jersey. According to a 2011 estimate, arable land comprises 33.1% of El Salvador’s land, permanent crops 10.9, permanent pasture 30.7, forest 13.6, and other 11.7.

El Salvador is dotted by volcanoes. The San Salvador volcano last erupted in 1917 but has the potential to cause serious harm to the capital city, also named San Salvador, which lies on its slopes. Other volcanoes across El Salvador are active and pose a threat to the population. Earthquakes and hurricanes also pose a serious threat to El Salvador.



Categories: El Salvador, Profile

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