The following graphs depict Mexico’s trade partners, the types of goods traded, and the magnitude of trade by country and good in US dollars. A more detailed look at the Mexican economy and trade can be found here.
The United States is the primary destination for exports from Mexico followed distantly by Canada. The dominance of the United States can be explained by the size of its economy, its common border with Mexico, and the North American Free Trade Agreement.
While the United States is the largest source of imports, Mexico has increasingly been importing goods from China. Mexico mostly imports machinery, electrical equipment, and vehicle parts and accessories.
The types of goods traded are categorized into about 5000 commodity groups using the Harmonized System. In the graphs below, these groups are collected into 16 board categories.
As the final graph shows, Mexico has a substantial trade surplus in transportation goods, such as cars, trucks, engines, etc. A detailed look at Mexico’s automotive sector can be found here.
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